SOCRadar® Cyber Intelligence Inc. | Critical Zero-Day in Ivanti EPMM (Formerly MobileIron Core) Is Actively Exploited (CVE-2023-35078)


Jul 25, 2023
13 Mins Read

Critical Zero-Day in Ivanti EPMM (Formerly MobileIron Core) Is Actively Exploited (CVE-2023-35078)

Ivanti, a U.S. IT software company, has resolved an actively exploited zero-day authentication bypass vulnerability identified as CVE-2023-35078. The vulnerability resides in Ivanti’s mobile device management software, previously known as MobileIron Core and now referred to as Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM).

What is the zero-day vulnerability in Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) about?

Ivanti’s advisory states that the CVE-2023-35078 vulnerability, when exploited, allows an unauthorized, remote actor to potentially access users’ personal information and make limited changes to the server. On the advisory, the vulnerability has a maximum CVSS score of 10.0, AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H.

This vulnerability’s significance lies in the potential data breaches, unauthorized access, and malicious activities that attackers could carry out on affected servers. Prompt patching is crucial to mitigate the risk and protect sensitive data and mobile device management infrastructure.

The company clarified that the vulnerability was not introduced maliciously into their code development process and is not part of a supply chain attack.

However, more information about the vulnerability is available on an Ivanti article that is login-protected and only accessible to Ivanti’s customer base.Also, some customers reported that Ivanti asked them to sign non-disclosure agreements when seeking more information about the CVE-2023-35078 vulnerability.

How critical is the Ivanti zero-day vulnerability?

The vulnerability detected in Ivanti EPMM (formerly MobileIron Core) with the identifier CVE-2023-35078 is considered critical. The vulnerability has a maximum CVSS score of 10.0, signifying the highest severity level. It could lead to widespread exploitation and a significant impact on affected systems.

In this case, the vulnerability allows unauthorized remote access to sensitive information and limited server changes, making it highly dangerous for organizations using the affected software. Promptly applying the security patches provided by Ivanti is crucial to mitigate the risk and prevent potential data breaches and malicious activities on vulnerable systems.

Which versions of Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) are affected by this vulnerability?

The affected versions include all supported versions, including 11.4 releases 11.10, 11.9, and 11.8, as well as older versions and releases. Additionally, it is important to note that the vulnerability was actively exploited by threat actors, making it critical for users of Ivanti EPMM to apply the security patches provided by Ivanti as soon as possible.

If you are using Ivanti Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM), it is essential to check the official advisory from Ivanti to confirm if your specific version is affected and to apply the recommended security patches to protect your systems from exploitation.

How to exploit the Ivanti vulnerability? Is there any example of exploit code?

After the first week of announcement of the vulnerability, the proof-of-concept (PoC) code was made publicly available.

Available PoCs and Exploits for CVE-2023-35078 (SOCRadar), ivanti
Available PoCs and Exploits for CVE-2023-35078 (SOCRadar)

Is there any exploitation activity regarding the Ivanti zero-day vulnerability?

In a private bulletin, Ivanti disclosed that they received information from a trusted source, indicating that a small number of customers, less than 10, fell victim to attacks exploiting the Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) vulnerability.

A Shodan search by Daniel Card revealed that over 2,900 Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) user portals are exposed online, with some linked to U.S. local and state government agencies. The majority of exposed servers are located in the United States, followed by Germany, the United Kingdom, and Hong Kong.

Exposed Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) user portals (Source: Shodan)
Exposed Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) user portals (Source: Shodan)

Security expert Kevin Beaumont posted on Mastodon, advising administrators to promptly apply the patches. He emphasized that the zero-day vulnerability is serious and very easy to exploit.

About the Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) vulnerability
About the Ivanti EPMM (MobileIron) vulnerability (Source: Mastodon)

Also, The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) issued an alert regarding Ivanti’s release of security updates for Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM).

Who was the first known victim of Ivanti vulnerability’s exploitation?

The Norwegian National Security Authority (NSM) confirmed that attackers breached a software platform used by 12 ministries in the country by exploiting the zero-day vulnerability.

Norway’s Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Justice, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs were not affected by the attack. Despite this, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority (DPA) was notified of the incident, which raised concerns that the hackers may have accessed sensitive data on compromised systems.

What is the second vulnerability discovered in Ivanti EPMM? (CVE-2023-35081)

IT giant Ivanti has issued a new advisory revealing the discovery of a second vulnerability affecting its Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM) software. The vulnerability, identified as CVE-2023-35081 (CVSS score: 7.2, High), differs from the first vulnerability, CVE-2023-35078, which was previously used by attackers against several Norwegian government agencies.

According to Ivanti’s new advisory, the CVE-2023-35081 vulnerability allows threat actors to execute various actions on targeted devices and can be combined with CVE-2023-35078 to bypass administrator authentication.

CISA has also issued its own warning, urging Ivanti customers to promptly apply patches to their devices to safeguard against exploitation of both vulnerabilities.

Ivanti’s patch has been bypassed again, how critical is the new CVE-2023-35082 vulnerability?

Researchers at Rapid7 have uncovered a new critical vulnerability while investigating CVE-2023-35078. The new vulnerability is identified as CVE-2023-35082 and affects older, unsupported versions of MobileIron Core (11.2 and below). It currently has a CVSS score of 10.0 on Ivanti’s advisory.

CVE-2023-35082 enables remote unauthenticated attackers to access API endpoints on an exposed instance of Ivanti EPMM. By exploiting these endpoints, attackers can carry out various operations, including the disclosure of personally identifiable information (PII) and modifications to the platform. Additionally, attackers can chain this vulnerability with others, like CVE-2023-35081, to enable the writing and execution of malicious webshell files on the appliance.

Since CVE-2023-35082 shares the same root cause as CVE-2023-35078, which involves entries in the mifs web application’s security filter chain, researchers consider this new vulnerability as another patch bypass for CVE-2023-35078.

CISA has added CVE-2023-35082 to the KEV catalog

CISA has included the CVE-2023-35082 vulnerability in its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities (KEV) Catalog due to evidence of active exploitation. CISA emphasizes that these vulnerabilities are common attack vectors, posing significant risks to the federal enterprise.

The vulnerability has been assigned a patching due date of February 8, 2024.

To track whether vulnerabilities impacting your organization are included in the KEV, you can utilize the CISA KEV Check feature on the Company Vulnerabilities page within the Attack Surface Management (ASM) module.

CISA KEV Check, SOCRadar Company Vulnerabilities/ASM
CISA KEV Check, SOCRadar Company Vulnerabilities/ASM

How can you detect vulnerabilities in your system(s)?

CISA and the Norwegian National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC-NO) released a joint advisory titled “Threat Actors Exploiting Ivanti EPMM Vulnerabilities” in response to active exploits of CVE-2023-35078 and CVE-2023-35081, affecting Ivanti Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM). In the advisory, they shared mitigation methods.

CISA and NCSC-NO further recommend that administrators utilize the CISA developed nuclei templates to check their systems for these vulnerabilities. Additionally, they should use the NCSC-NO developed checklist to identify any signs of compromise.

Screenshot of nuclei template to detect CVE-2023-35078 (CISA), ivanti
Screenshot of nuclei template to detect CVE-2023-35078 (CISA)

Review the advisory here for more information.

Are there any IOCs that the SOC Teams can use to prevent exploitation of the Ivanti vulnerabilities on internet-exposed servers?

Yes, there are Indicators of Compromise (IOCs) that SOC (Security Operations Center) teams can use to prevent exploitation of the Ivanti vulnerabilities on internet-exposed servers. Some specific IOCs related to the CVE-2023-35082 vulnerability can be found in the Apache HTTP logs stored on the appliance.

SOC teams can monitor log files, specifically the /var/log/httpd/https-access_log file, for entries indicating requests to a targeted API endpoint with /mifs/asfV3/api/v2/ in the path and an HTTP response code of 200. Blocked exploitation attempts will be indicated by an HTTP response code of either 401 or 403.

By keeping a close eye on these log entries, SOC teams can detect potential exploitation attempts related to the CVE-2023-35082 vulnerability. Responding promptly to any suspicious activities can help prevent successful attacks and protect internet-exposed servers from potential compromises.

SOC teams should keep a lookout for additional IOCs released by Ivanti, security advisories, and reputable security sources. Utilizing these IOCs in conjunction with other security measures and best practices can bolster the defense against both CVE-2023-35078 and CVE-2023-35082 vulnerabilities. Please check IoCs shared in Appendix.

How to protect yourself from presence or exploitation of the Ivanti vulnerabilities?

To protect your systems from the CVE-2023-35078 vulnerability in Ivanti Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM), formerly MobileIron Core, the primary and most important step is to apply the security patches provided by Ivanti. These patches are specifically released to address the vulnerability and prevent unauthorized remote access and potential data breaches.

Are there any additional solutions other than patching?

In addition to patching, you can take the following measures to enhance your protection:

  • Monitor for Indicators of Compromise (IoCs): Keep an eye on your system logs for any suspicious activities that could indicate an attempted exploitation of the vulnerability. Pay attention to access attempts related to the vulnerable API endpoints or other signs of unauthorized access.
  • Restrict Access: Limit access to critical systems and sensitive information. Implement the principle of least privilege, ensuring that only authorized users have access to necessary resources.
  • Network Segmentation: Consider segmenting your network to restrict the lateral movement of attackers in case a system gets compromised. This can help contain the impact of a potential breach.
  • Monitor Vulnerability Databases: Stay informed about any new updates or advisories related to the vulnerability. Continuously monitor vulnerability databases and security news to ensure you are aware of the latest developments.

At SOCRadar, our Vulnerability Intelligence is designed to provide you with comprehensive assistance in effectively managing vulnerability issues and prioritizing necessary patches. With our platform, you have the power to effortlessly search for and access detailed information about vulnerabilities, enabling you to stay ahead of potential threats.

SOCRadar Vulnerability Intelligence module under Cyber Threat Intelligence, ivanti
SOCRadar Vulnerability Intelligence module under Cyber Threat Intelligence
  • Implement Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): Utilize MFA for authentication to add an extra layer of security and make it more difficult for unauthorized users to gain access.
  • Conduct Regular Security Audits: Perform periodic security audits and assessments to identify potential vulnerabilities in your infrastructure and address them proactively.

Our External Attack Surface Management (EASM) plays a crucial role in safeguarding your digital assets. Through this advanced system, we diligently discover and monitor your digital landscape, promptly alerting you to any emerging issues that may pose a risk to your security. With SOCRadar, you can trust that we’ve got your back, ensuring proactive protection for your online presence.

SOCRadar Company Vulnerabilities module under Attack Surface Management, ivanti
SOCRadar Company Vulnerabilities module under Attack Surface Management
  • Follow Best Security Practices: Adhere to best security practices, such as regular software updates, strong password policies, and employee security awareness training.

Remember that patching is the most critical and effective measure to address the vulnerability. Applying the provided security patches in a timely manner is crucial to safeguard your systems from potential exploitation and unauthorized access.


YARA rules

rule LOG_EXPL_Ivanti_EPMM_MobileIron_Core_CVE_2023_35078_Jul23_1 {
      description = "Detects the successful exploitation of Ivanti Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM) / MobileIron Core CVE-2023-35078"
      author = "Florian Roth"
      reference = "Ivanti Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM) CVE-2023-35078 - Analysis Guidance"
      date = "2023-07-25"
      score = 75
      $xr1 = //mifs/aad/api/v2/[^n]{1,300} 200 [1-9][0-9]{0,60} /

rule MAL_WAR_Ivanti_EPMM_MobileIron_Mi_War_Aug23 {
      description = "Detects WAR file found in the Ivanti EPMM / MobileIron Core compromises exploiting CVE-2023-35078"
      author = "Florian Roth"
      reference = ""
      date = "2023-08-01"
      score = 85
      hash1 = "6255c75e2e52d779da39367e7a7d4b8d1b3c9c61321361952dcc05819251a127"
      $s1 = "logsPaths.txt" ascii fullword
      $s2 = "keywords.txtFirefox" ascii
      uint16(0) == 0x4b50 and
      filesize < 20KB and
      all of them

rule MAL_WAR_Ivanti_EPMM_MobileIron_LogClear_JAVA_Aug23 {
      description = "Detects LogClear.class found in the Ivanti EPMM / MobileIron Core compromises exploiting CVE-2023-35078"
      author = "Florian Roth"
      reference = ""
      date = "2023-08-01"
      score = 80
      hash1 = "deb381c25d7a511b9eb936129eeba2c0341cff7f4bd2168b05e40ab2ee89225e"
      $s1 = "logsPaths.txt" ascii fullword
      $s2 = "log file: %s, not read" ascii fullword
      $s3 = "/tmp/.time.tmp" ascii fullword
      $s4 = "readKeywords" ascii fullword
      $s5 = ""----------------  ----------------" ascii fullword
      uint16(0) == 0xfeca and
      filesize < 20KB and
      4 of them or all of them


NCSC-NO observed the following webshell hash:

  • c0b42bbd06d6e25dfe8faebd735944714b421388

NCSC-NO observed the following hash of mi.war:

  • 1cd358d28b626b7a23b9fd4944e29077c265db46

NCSC-NO observed the following JA3 hashes used against MobileIron Core:

  • 2d5bd942ebf308df61e1572861d146f6
  • 473cd7cb9faa642487833865d516e578
  • 579ccef312d18482fc42e2b822ca2430
  • 849d3331f3e07a0797a02f12a6a82aa9
  • 8d9f7747675e24454cd9b7ed35c58707
  • ad55557b7cbd735c2627f7ebb3b3d493
  • cd08e31494f9531f560d64c695473da9
  • e1d8b04eeb8ef3954ec4f49267a783ef
  • e60dc8370ecf78cf115162fbc257baf5
  • e669667efb41c36f714c309243f41ca7
  • e84a32d43db750b206cb6beed08281d0
  • eb5fdc72f0a76657dc6ea233190c4e1c

NCSC-NO observed the following JA3 hashes used against Exchange when tunneling via EPMM Sentry:

  • 0092ce298a1d451fbe93dc4237053a96
  • 00e872019b976e69a874ee7433038754
  • 01ecd9ab9be75e832c83c082be3bdf18
  • 0212a88c7ed149febdefa347c610b248
  • 02be3b93640437dbba47cc7ed5ab7895
  • 03f8852448a85e14f2b4362194160c32
  • 045f8ccdac6d4e769b30da406808da71
  • 04e7f5787f89a597001b50a37b9f8078
  • 070f9fe9f0ec69e6b8791d280fde6a48
  • 07a624d7236cca3934cf1f8e44b74b52
  • 09df72c01a1a0ad193e2fff8e454c9c4
  • 0b28842d64a344c287e6165647f3b3fe
  • 0b8e1211de50d244b89e6c1b366d3ccf
  • 0cb0380cf75a863b3e40a0955b1ada9f
  • 0da24834056873a8cd8311000088e8be
  • 0e1fad8ffaa7a939f0a6cbf9cd7e2fcd
  • 0f6e78839398c245d13f696a3216d840
  • 119f8c9050d1499b6f958b857868b8ce
  • 11c506d5e3fb7e119c4287202c96a930
  • 1336df27f94b25a25acac9db3e61e461
  • 14671c3f8deca7d73a03b74cb854c21d
  • 146caf9bd0153428f54e9ef472154983
  • 14994353f3ea6fd25952a8c7d57f9ecf
  • 151bc875df15d1385e6eb02f9edaba06
  • 15a074a397727b26a846b443b99c20ff
  • 1660f3d882a4311ca013ee4586e01fd9
  • 16a74fc216f8a4ce43466bb83b6d3fd2
  • 188623fdd056c4ed13d1ff34c7377637
  • 19f51486abd40c9f0fc0503559a6c523
  • 1a024e63721c610d2e54e67d62cd5460
  • 1aa7dae8f2ae0a29402ed51819f82db4
  • 1abfdeaadb74a0f7c461e7bab157b17f
  • 1b6720ed0b67c910a80722ce973d6217
  • 1b7d9368c6ce7623fdbc43f013626535
  • 1e0850e10a00c9bbdd5c582ff4cb6833
  • 1ec71612e438cf902913eec993475eb9
  • 206fed3a39d9215c35395663f5bb3307
  • 22cc1b3bc9f99d3a520ae58fee79a0d5
  • 23e3e6fa8b23d9bc19e82de4e64c79e9
  • 253fd4659bf21be116858bc0f206c5b9
  • 276e175d4fe8454c4c47e966d8cb3fa3
  • 289a450c7478dd52a10c6ed2fb47f7e9
  • 2aa8ba7478b1362274666d714df575bc
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  • 3003024afe64b4e8a5a30825c14bbb12
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  • 9e5613533972a9d42d2e3344a4e58566
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  • 9f3bf94572344b36f6ef1689cb30c66e
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  • a1b732a9af792f75a68ed78d72ffb8f6
  • a260d836428cdb971bdf147ca6940160
  • a4f11b1eb659869a0ae70898a4a0e5ee
  • a596ebbcf438980c880d711315e4fdf1
  • a80b6a354b493264f37aa39d0d41b5fc
  • a89df6156eb5a2de196388d4a123b470
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  • a98cf0a359f430a00f4f3d522f5b6cc0
  • aa2fe3a253e169b05e1782ca57a688d2
  • aef0172a2c03f77912de0bbf14aee00f
  • af06c3e72f2f307515ba549174d8e5a6
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  • b9ecb08402df0f1f6e1ce76b8ad6e91f
  • ba4a616c8d4ab9358a82b321d8e618bf
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  • bcf75736d176394f3df69f3e0ef7dd9f
  • be1f24457141d80206bc2e58f55dc879
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  • cd1312be032256a10cf866af3e9afae9
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  • d255291bb8e460626cb906ebacc670e5
  • d2cea317778ad6412c458a8a33b964fd
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  • d3d72f4c7038f7313ad0570e16c293bf
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  • d662d20507bebc37b99a4d413afa2752
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  • dc26ef761c7ec40591b1fe6e561b521d
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  • fe9de1cdd645971c5d15ee1873c3ff8d
  • febba89b4b9a9649b3a3bf41c4c7d853

NCSC-NO observed the following user agents communicating with Exchange (OWA and EWS):

  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:109.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/114.0
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/92.0.4515.131 Safari/537.36 Edg/92.0.902.67

NCSC-NO observed the following user agents communicating with Exchange webshell:

  • Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; U; CPU iPhone OS 4_0_1 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/532.9 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0.5 Mobile/8A306 Safari/6531.22.7
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; Intel Mac OS X; en-US; rv: Gecko/20060909 Firefox/
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 7.0; Moto C Build/NRD90M.059) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/69.0.3497.100 Mobile Safari/537.36
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/41.02272.101 Safari/537.36
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 5.1.1; SAMSUNG SM-J120M Build/LMY47X) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, Like Gecko) SamsungBrowser/6.4 Chrome/56.0.2924.87 Mobile Safari/537.36
  • Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 9_0_2 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/601.1.45 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/9.0 Mobile/13A452 Safari/601.1

NCSC-NO observed the following user agents communicating with Exchange Autodiscover:

  • ExchangeServicesClient/15.00.0913.015
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/92.0.4515.131 Safari/537.36 Edg/92.0.902.67
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Firefox/114.0
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML like Gecko) Chrome/ Safari/537.36 Edg/
  • NCSC-NO observed the following user agents communicating with EWS (/ews/Exchange.asmx):
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/103.0.5060.114 Safari/537.36 Edg/103.0.1264.49
  • Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/92.0.4515.131 Safari/537.36 Edg/92.0.902.67

NCSC-NO observed the following user agent communicating with Exchange (/powershell):

  • Windows WinRM Client